How Is Everything Taking Place with Divine Power?
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The real faith in Oneness (Tawheed) is not complete with the simple acceptance of Allah as the creator of the apparent universe. Such a belief is the first step of the hierarchy of the faith, and comes short of fundamental qualities of the faith requested by Allah in his Quran.
In fact, what is really wanted is, in addition to acceptance of the fact that every matter and object appearing and every activity taking place in this universe is created directly and ruled by the divine power itself, the complete and absolute rejection of the existence of anything that is supposed to be interfering and assisting in these activities and rulings. This is an unbelievably great and magnificent issue. In order to reach this level of belief in Allah and a “doubtless and informed faith based on strong evidence”, it is necessary to make a serious and detailed investigation.
Here we go:
We wonder how we can explain such a great issue; which includes the coming into existence of everything with the divine power and,
Their dependence on the divine will at any moment and,
The fact that this is such an easy thing to do for Allah and,
The fact that He creates and rules everything with the same ease by which he creates and rules just one thing.
(Please Read the Following Text Carefully After Watching the Entire Slide Above)
First of all, there is something that we should see clearly: there is an activity of creation around us which is going on continuously, and this activity shows itself by making all the matter and objects with such a beautiful visuality and with an orderly excellence in such an aesthetic way.
All These Formations Which Are Taking Place in Unbelievable Numbers Are Created with An Unbelievably Fast Serial Production. In the Mean Time, the Qualities, Which Are Almost Impossible to Co-exist, Are Observed to Be Existing as Nested Together. As It Is Known, If Something Is Made Real Fast, It Becomes More Difficult to Make It Properly and Beautifully. The Production of a High-Quality Product Easily and In Great Numbers Is Not Possible with a Low Cost.
However, In the Production Processes Taking Place over the Earth, Numerous Contradictory Properties Are Observed to Be Coexisting.
Extremely Smooth Despite Being in Great Numbers and In Great Numbers Despite Being Extremely Smooth.
Despite Being Very Fast, It Has a Very Aesthetic Beauty.
Despite Is Aesthetic Beauty, It Is Made in A Way Which Is Extremely Easy.
Although It Is Made in A Super Easy Way, It Is Also of High Quality.
Despite Being of High Quality, It Is Made with Such a Low Cost.
All These Formations Are Made Out of Simple and Cheap Materials.
We Wonder: How Can We Explain This?
Clearly, they don’t seem to be the spontaneous works of unconscious mechanisms and factors which act in a complex, irregular and random manner, and which are incapable of cooperating with each other. It Comes to Our Mind That, If It Were So, They Couldn’t Be in Such Great Numbers. There are 10 Million of Species Living on Earth. The Individual Members of These Species, Numbers of Which Are Expressed in Trillions, Seem to Be Produced in The Serial Production Facilities of a Factory and To Start Working in the Scene of Life. In Every Parts of the Earth, Living Beings, Small and Big Come into Existence, Life Pours out in every Corner of the Earth. Is It So Difficult for You to Visualize Such a Thing before Your Very Eyes? Then, What Is Your Guess About the Difficulty of Maintaining Such Formations for Millions of Years? But to Our Surprise, The Coming into Life of Living Beings in Such Numbers and Variety Does Not Appear to Be So Difficult! There Is No Need for Such Long Periods of Time for Their Making Either.
Besides, The Fact That, Except in Very Rare Situations, Almost All of Them Are Made in Flawless Excellence Is Such an Interesting Fact That Should Never Be Overlooked. As If “These Formations Which Are Thought as Being Irregular” and “These Living Being That Seem to Be Faulty” to Our Eyes Which Is Looking Superficially, Whisper to Our Ears Aloud:
“We are not defects of design and production! There is an intentional wisdom in our creation. If we were the product of the accidental coincidence and unconscious nature, most of our friends who are also produced in the same lathe would be just like us! Think of that and draw your lessons!”
Let us have a look at what Darwin writes in “the Difficulties of Theory” section of his book entitled “Origin of the Species”:
“If all species come into existence by slowly evolving out of other species, then why don’t we see around innumerable numbers of intermediate forms? Why isn’t the whole nature in a state of mess? Why is everything in its proper place? There should be intermediate forms in so many numbers, but then why could not we find them as buried in different layers of the earth? Maybe this is the biggest objection that can be raised against my theory” (Charles Darwin, Origin of Species, pp. 172, 280)
We should think that, if it were really nature and the material causes that were making the living beings on their own, then they could not produce them in such great numbers; they could not make them in such an easy way, and they could not form them in such flawless shapes. We should predict easily that maybe just one of hundredths or thousandths of them would be perfect other individuals or species would come into being with difficulty and with different deformities or that they would not ever come into being.
This excellent picture, appearing with all its magnificence can’t be explained in another way. Such an acceptance is the most logical and scientific deduction that can be made in the face of this apparent situation. If it weren’t so, then it wouldn’t be so difficult to predict that a fruit, which we buy for 2 Liras currently, wouldn’t be available even for 200 liras and maybe even there, would not be any possibility of formation of that fruit.
Now we will continue with an issue which is analyzed in detail in 2nd Ray of the Book of Rays of Risale-i Nur. The formation of the matter/objects could be possible either by creating them out of nothing or by bringing together the particles of matter.
1- If we accept that matter and objects are invented and created out of nothing by a single person, then that person should have the knowledge and power that can rule over everything. Of course, all the plans, working processes, the visual measurements of the designs will exist in his knowledge non-materially. And an object shall have a non-material existence and spiritual moulds (that is a non-material spiritual body). The particles will be placed in pre-determined limits of that mould and they will not be allowed to overflow these borders. In this way, it is still possible for them to keep their shapes and orderly working.
Before coming materially into existence of the work of an architect, the plan and project drawings of that work and even its design in architect’s mind are like the non-material existence of that work.
In such a setting, giving a material shape to an object whose non-material plan, program and form already exist in the knowledge of its designer is a very simple thing to do.
The ease of this formation is explained in Risale-i Nur with the following examples:
* Transferring the images over a photographic film in a photograph machine to papers
Transferring the images over a photographic film in a photograph machine to papers
2- If we think that this single person creates that object by bringing together the particles of matter, then, this person must have the capability to make these particles work and use them as he likes.
The particles which are employed under the command of such a person, would be working under the laws of motion whose working principles are determined by this person’s will and knowledge.
When these particles come together to form the body of a human being, they will pour into the non-material mould of the plan and program existing in that person’s knowledge, and stay there in pre-determined forms and quantities.
They will not either pass over the borders or mess up the order nor will they hinder all these activities.
Do these words sound familiar to you?
It looks like the working of the universe around you, doesn’t it?
Don’t you think that the universe must appear like that just because it is working in this way?
If it is accepted that the matter and objects are made out of material causes, then these objects and formations won’t be invented out of nothingness, which in fact is also accepted by modern science.
Because, other than the Sole Creator, who manifests, with his works and with their style of working, that He has an all-encompassing knowledge and an Omni-potent power; the mechanisms that are operated by nature and material causes, of course can’t create anything out of nothingness.
Then, they must be working by bringing together the particles of matter lying around.
Given the variety of elements existing in the body of a living being and the necessity of bringing them together in certain precise measures, t is very natural that this gathering work is very laborious and time-consuming.
Since they lack non-material mould for such formations,
Then they will need as many concrete moulds and developed factories as the number of all organs and cells of that living thing.
Then how could they make these particles work in a continuous and orderly manner?
Let us go one step further. Let us assume that they could make them work. Then, how could they teach them the duties that should be assumed in the system of work by these particles which continuously come from outside the body and are foreign to its functioning? It is obvious that they can’t do any of these.
Then it becomes crystal clear that the causes or the nature can’t claim to be the inventor of these objects. Then, it would be necessarily accepted that it is someone else who makes them work.
Now let us remember these two examples taken from the text of Risale-i Nur, which show us that the creation of the objects by a single hand makes the works much easier, and intervention of others makes them much more complex.
1st Example : It is much easier if a hundred soldiers are put under the command of an officer. It is effective and productive.
But, if a hundred officers are asked to command just one soldier, each one of these officers would like to act independently, to give orders and command, leading to difficulties and entanglement.
We can also think in the same way of the military equipment over the soldier. Production of this equipment at a single center is a source of ease. The production of the equipment for the whole army could be as easy as production for a single soldier.
If the production of the equipment of each soldier is requested from a different factory, then, production of the equipment of one soldier would be as difficult as the production or the whole army. Because, for each soldier a factory is needed, which could be necessary (and enough) for the whole army.
2nd Example: The requesting the shipment of the nutrition from different centres, that are necessary for the nourishment of fruits in and which are normally sent from one single centre of a tree would mean that making this fruit becomes as difficult as making the whole tree, because all the matter that is necessary for the life of the tree is also necessary for the life of a fruit and even for the life of a seed.
Hence, it is much easier to control each element which is the part of an orderly system from a single center rather than controlling them from numerous centers and it is even much easier than controlling each one of them from a separate center.
On the other hand, its creation by numerous material causes brings about difficulties at the level of impossibility.
As a result of detailed analysis, we have understood that, production of everything by a single center lowers the costs, increases the quantity of production, makes the work easier, shortens the time period and takes the orderliness, aesthetics, and quality to the highest level. Since it is certain that it will take a shape similar to that of the world as we witness every moment, there remains no logical reason for not thinking that our world is also ruled/managed from one single center.
In a situation just opposite of this, that is, where it is imagined that matter and objects are made by material causes and nature; they would be produced under difficult conditions, in a valueless, irregular, artless manner without any aesthetics. The whole world would look terrible.
Since the world looks very nice and orderly, and the living things there come into being in an amazingly excellent way, easily, with visual aesthetics, in great numbers and within very short time.
That all the matter and objects are invented / created from one single center and this world is created by someone that we accept as unique and independent creator and any other alternative can’t be thought.
In order to think the opposite, it is necessary to change the shape of everything we see; take and throw away all the living things that are beautifully created with aesthetics, and instead, put unimportant, inferior formations which do not have any aesthetics, and only after that another cause other than the reality of Tawheed (Unity, Oneness) can have a chance to be involved in that matter.
We do not think that any intervention or invention/creation of smallest magnitude by nature or material causes is possible in any corner of this beautiful world and this spectacular universe which continue to appear with its existing shape!