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In a model of universe, which is created by a creator, “intelligent design” is an important concept and argument. How can we know that an object is designed or not?
Design is putting together more than one piece in an orderly way to achieve a certain purpose. Whatever has these characteristics, we call it intelligent design because they can’t be done accidentally. When looked at from this perspective, a passenger ship in the sea, or a high-speed train working in the land, all are complex designs made up of many pieces which are brought together in an orderly manner.
When we look at all living things, we see the characteristics of intelligent design exactly and excellently.
Let us have a look at the wings of a bird: for the purpose of flying, there are hollow light bones, strong pectoral muscles that can move these bones and fathers taking hold of the air; wings that are aerodynamic, i.e., able to continue the movement in the air as planned and a metabolism which can meet the need for high energy. You know about the immigration of birds. They go to very long distances, without any break for refuel, without eating or drinking anything they stay up in the air for very long periods of time. From whichever point you have a look at it, this is a result of an intelligent design, and this is the most reasonable explanation. This is our opinion.
Design, on the other hand, necessitates a designer. Besides, whatever or whoever that is accepted as a designer should have the necessary qualities and characteristics to be able to that design. Otherwise, your claim can’t be taken seriously. If you claim: “I have drawn that picture” and if you do not have a talent, then your claim is not more than empty words. And, to be able to make a design, it is necessary to have this triad of knowledge, will and power. In other words, you should know how to do it, you should choose to do it and you should have the power to do it.
Coincidence and Material Causes
Now, let us have a look at the existence of the matter/objects, the material causes upon which it is attempted to base their existence and the concept of coincidence. Our well-known “coincidence” is at least as famous as nature. These concepts have taken the place of the creator. Let us have a look at the lexical meaning. Coincide, or coincidence is the realization of an event when it is never planned or expected. That is to say, in coincidence, there is no plan which is previously made. There is no purpose. Therefore, there is either no benefit expected to be achieved. In other words, our famous coincidence does not have a will or conscious. It does not have any characteristics of doing a work, on purpose, being aware of the things and by communicating, jointly by coming together. If you tell me something I can hear it, and if you move your hand, I can see it. But our famous coincidence is blind, deaf and lifeless. That is to say, it is so incapable that you would say “ah, what a pity!”, just as nature and reasons/causes are.
Those who do not believe that Allah could create everything and those who have difficulty in believing in Him; see the creation a result of these incapable “reasons, nature and coincidence”. As if they deserve it more! As if it is easier for them to create.
Now let us have a look at the material reasons that are brought forward. These are water, sun, wind, force of gravity, electromagnetic force, soil, heat, cold and similar things. When we look at the properties of all such reasons, we can see that, they are unconscious, they can’t do anything on purpose, they do not have a will to make any choice; they are in mess, without any purpose and lifeless. However, it is so interesting to see that, when we look at the effects that are claimed to be the results of these reasons/causes, we see a different picture. We see orderly, artful, wonderfully designed, amazing products. This is astonishing. How come is this possible?
Therefore, it seems that there are two ways. Either we will look for an explanation for the existence and functioning of the matter/ objects existing within the universe. Or we shall assume/accept the existence of a secret handler who has an effect over the matter but who is not part of it.